Constipation is infrequent, difficult or inadequate bowel movements. It occurs when a person with a generally healthy diet only has a bowel movement every 48 hours or more, or several times a day but with great difficulty, and does not feel relieved afterwards. Constipation may be a sign of certain nervous, endocrine or bowel disorders. Failure to identify the specific cause is called functional constipation.
A healthy diet is essential for the functioning of the intestine, and changing diet alone can be effective in treating mild constipation. It is advisable to eat regularly, don’t overeat, drink enough fluids and consume foods high in fibre (rye bread, vegetables, fruits, etc.). It is also very important to be active. Abdominal massages and therapeutic exercise is recommended. A gastroenterologist can determine which laxatives are best suited for a patient if the natural remedies mentioned above are ineffective.