Acne is the term used to describe spots or breakouts on the skin. It affects as many as 95% of teenagers and is becoming more common in adults, especially women. It is estimated that up to 20% of adult women have acne. Acne can not only leave scars, but can lead to poor self-image and loss of confidence which can have long term psychological effects. Effective prescription acne treatments can help you to have healthy, bright skin.
The main cause of acne is a change in hormone levels. During puberty, sex hormones can cause skin to produce more oil which causes normally harmless bacteria on the skin to become more aggressive, causing inflammation and pus to form. The hormones also thicken the lining of hair follicles which can cause pores to become blocked.
Hormonal imbalances caused by the menstrual cycle, pregnancy and oral contraceptives can cause acne in later life. There is no evidence that poor diet, poor hygiene or sexual activity can cause acne, however good skincare routines and prescription acne medications can be beneficial.
Treatment for acne depends on how severe it is. There is a wide range of treatment methods available, from topical treatments (gels, creams etc) to antibiotics and laser procedures.