Not only do enlarged veins not look good, but they also cause physiological discomfort and lower self-esteem. This health condition can be very serious. If untreated, varicose veins can lead to severe circulation problems like venous ulcers and deep vein thrombosis (blood clots).
Early symptoms of varicose veins may include an achy or heavy feeling in your legs, swelling, pain and cramps (usually at night). Enlarged veins are considered an early sign of advanced venous disease. If you have these symptoms, you should see a vascular surgeon right away.
Your doctor will determine the stage of the disease with the help of an ultrasound scan and decide on the most effective treatment method.
Our highly qualified and trained vascular surgeons at Northway Clinic provide consultations, diagnose and offer appropriate treatment of vascular diseases, and perform ultrasound scans of arteries and deep and superficial veins.
Varicose veins are enlarged and swollen veins that usually occur on the legs or feet. They appear very slowly, starting in little meshes of capillaries, which later turn into vein nodules. Varicose veins develop when valves in the vessels stop working efficiently, which prevents blood from flowing normally, increasing blood pressure in the veins and causing them to become swollen.
If ignored, varicose veins can have very serious consequences, such as trophic ulcers, which are open sores that are very susceptible to infections. Therefore ignoring varicose veins may eventually result in sepsis and even death.
Varicose veins in the superficial veins (just under the skin) can cause complications such as; thrombophlebitis (swelling or inflammation of the veins), and deep vein thrombosis (blood clots) which can dislodge and move around the body causing a life threatening condition called pulmonary embolism.
Patients with complaints will first undergo a vein ultrasound investigation. Then the doctor is able to determine which treatment will best suit the patient’s condition. Non-interventional methods of treatment include compression therapy, where a special elastic sock or dressing is applied to the area with varicose veins. However, this method isn’t always effective. There are no medications for varicose veins.
Further treatment may be required if varicose veins are causing symptoms or complications. Radio waves, lasers or special foam can be used to seal varicose veins which redirects the flow of blood to healthy veins. Surgery can be done as a last resort to remove the varicose veins and redirect blood flow to healthy veins.